Farmers raising swines are facing the persistent threat of the African swine fever pandemic, which has been ravaging their herds throughout the final months of 2023 in southern Vietnam. As 2023 came to a close, Sang faced a challenging decision to cull her herd of pigs, each weighing between 80-100 kilograms, due to the persistent African swine fever. In a similar vein, the herd of pigs raised by Nguyen Thi Nga, a farmer in Long Phuong Commune, Long Ho District, Vinh Long Province, suffered from African swine fever. After confirmation from local veterinarians that her herd of pigs had contracted African swine fever, Nga had to accept the difficult task of getting rid of them. The department warned that, despite the ministry issuing an official document allowing the use of the African swine fever vaccine nationwide since July 2023, practical usage has been limited.