Both the Vietnamese and Chinese sides will also deliberate developing a command center to monitor operations of the smart border gates as well as to connect and share data with each other. The smart border gates are expected to improve border customs throughput capacity and raise import-export turnover by threefold by 2027 and fivefold by 2030, Phu said. He asserted that the advancement of smart border gates would elevate cargo throughput efficiency at land border gates, meeting the increasing demand for trade activities between Vietnam, China, and other ASEAN nations. Nguyen Vinh Phu, deputy head of the Dong Dang-Lang Son Border Gate Economic Zone Management Authority in Lang Son Province, northern Vietnam. Official data showed that Lang Son conducts customs clearance for between 1,100 and 1,350 vehicles per day on average.