This concern was raised by Nguyen Thi Viet Nga, a NA deputy, who questioned how a top rice-exporting nation like Vietnam could still have impoverished rice farmers. He stressed the necessity for transformative measures to improve rice farmers’ income. Hoan also urged rice farmers, especially those in the Mekong Delta, to collaborate through agricultural cooperatives to collectively purchase and sell rice, ensuring diversified income sources. In 2022, Vietnam’s rice exports reached 7.1 million tons, and the figure is expected to be higher this year. He emphasized the interplay of supply and demand in determining rice prices and the imperative of fostering long-term cooperation between farmers and businesses.